Albert Einstein History Timeline and Biographies

Albert Einstein, born on March 14, 1879, in Ulm, Germany, was a theoretical physicist renowned for developing the theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics. His equation E=mc², which expresses the equivalence of mass and energy, is among the most famous equations in the world. Einstein received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1921 for his explanation of the photoelectric effect, which was pivotal in establishing quantum theory. He immigrated to the United States in 1933, where he continued his work at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey, until his death in 1955.

Creation Time:2024-07-10


Birth of Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein was born on March 14, 1879, in Ulm, in the Kingdom of Württemberg in the German Empire.

Einstein Enrolls at the Swiss Federal Polytechnic

Albert Einstein enrolled at the Swiss Federal Polytechnic in Zurich, where he would later graduate with a diploma in mathematics and physics.

Annus Mirabilis (Miracle Year)

In 1905, Albert Einstein published four groundbreaking papers, including his special theory of relativity and the equation E=mc², which revolutionized modern physics.

First Academic Position

Albert Einstein was appointed as an associate professor at the University of Zurich, marking the beginning of his academic career.

General Theory of Relativity

Albert Einstein presented his general theory of relativity, which provided a new understanding of gravity and fundamentally altered the field of physics.

Eddington's Eclipse Expedition

The British astronomer Arthur Eddington confirmed Albert Einstein's predictions of the bending of light by gravity during a solar eclipse, bringing Einstein international fame.

Nobel Prize in Physics

Albert Einstein was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for his explanation of the photoelectric effect, which was crucial in the development of quantum theory.

Emigration to the United States

Albert Einstein emigrated to the United States due to the rise of the Nazi regime in Germany. He accepted a position at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey.

Einstein-Szilard Letter

Albert Einstein co-signed a letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt, warning of the potential for Nazi Germany to develop atomic weapons, which led to the establishment of the Manhattan Project.

U.S. Citizenship

Albert Einstein became a U.S. citizen, while retaining his Swiss citizenship.

End of World War II

Albert Einstein was relieved by the end of World War II but remained concerned about the use of atomic weapons.

Offer of Presidency of Israel

Albert Einstein was offered the presidency of Israel, which he declined, stating that he lacked the necessary experience for the position.

Death of Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein passed away on April 18, 1955, in Princeton, New Jersey, leaving behind a profound legacy in the field of theoretical physics.

Centenary of Einstein's Birth

The 100th anniversary of Albert Einstein's birth was celebrated worldwide, highlighting his contributions to science and humanity.

Person of the Century

Albert Einstein was named "Person of the Century" by Time magazine, recognizing his unparalleled influence on the 20th century.
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