Charles Darwin History Timeline and Biographies

Charles Darwin was an English naturalist, geologist, and biologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution. His proposition that all species of life have descended over time from common ancestors is now widely accepted and considered a fundamental concept in science. Darwin's theory of natural selection, detailed in his seminal work "On the Origin of Species" published in 1859, revolutionized the way we understand the development of life on Earth.

Creation Time:2024-07-10


Birth of Charles Darwin

Charles Darwin was born on February 12, 1809, in Shrewsbury, England. He was the fifth of six children of wealthy society doctor and financier Robert Darwin and Susannah Darwin.

Darwin Begins Medical Studies

Charles Darwin began studying medicine at the University of Edinburgh, but he found the lectures dull and surgery distressing. He left after two years without completing his degree.

Darwin Enrolls at Cambridge University

Darwin enrolled at Christ's College, Cambridge, to study for a Bachelor of Arts degree, with the intention of becoming a clergyman. His interest in natural history grew during this time.

Voyage of the HMS Beagle

Charles Darwin embarked on a five-year voyage aboard the HMS Beagle as a naturalist. This journey provided him with vast amounts of evidence that would later support his theory of evolution.

Return from the Voyage

Darwin returned to England after his voyage on the HMS Beagle, bringing back numerous specimens and detailed observations that would form the basis of his scientific work.

Marriage to Emma Wedgwood

Charles Darwin married his cousin, Emma Wedgwood, on January 29, 1839. They had ten children, several of whom died in infancy.

First Draft of Evolutionary Theory

Darwin wrote a 35-page sketch of his theory of evolution by natural selection, which he expanded to a 230-page essay in 1844, though it remained unpublished at the time.

Publication of "On the Origin of Species"

Charles Darwin published "On the Origin of Species" on November 24, 1859. The book introduced the scientific theory that populations evolve over generations through a process of natural selection.

Publication of "The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication"

Darwin published "The Variation of Animals and Plants under Domestication," which detailed the results of his experiments and observations on the variability of species under domestication.

Publication of "The Descent of Man"

In "The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex," Darwin applied evolutionary theory to human evolution, detailing his ideas on sexual selection and the common descent of humans and other animals.

Publication of "The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals"

Darwin published "The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals," exploring how humans and animals express their emotions and the evolutionary significance of these expressions.

Honorary Doctorate from Cambridge University

Charles Darwin received an honorary Doctorate of Laws from Cambridge University, recognizing his significant contributions to science.

Publication of "The Formation of Vegetable Mould through the Action of Worms"

Darwin's last book, "The Formation of Vegetable Mould through the Action of Worms," was published, focusing on the role of earthworms in soil formation.

Death of Charles Darwin

Charles Darwin died on April 19, 1882, at his home, Down House, in Kent, England. He was buried in Westminster Abbey, London, in recognition of his contributions to science.

Centenary of Darwin's Birth

The centenary of Charles Darwin's birth and the fiftieth anniversary of "On the Origin of Species" were celebrated worldwide, highlighting his lasting impact on science and society.
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