Ulysses s grant History Timeline and Biographies

Ulysses S. Grant was the 18th President of the United States, serving from 1869 to 1877. A prominent Union general during the American Civil War, he led the Union Army to victory over the Confederacy. Born in 1822, Grant's early career was marked by struggles, but his military prowess during the Civil War elevated him to national prominence. His presidency focused on Reconstruction and civil rights for freed slaves. Grant's later years were marred by financial difficulties and illness, but his memoirs, published posthumously, are considered a significant contribution to American literature.

Creation Time:2024-07-10


Birth of Ulysses S. Grant

Ulysses S. Grant was born on April 27, 1822, in Point Pleasant, Ohio. His birth name was Hiram Ulysses Grant, but an error at West Point listed him as Ulysses S. Grant, a name he adopted for the rest of his life.

Admission to West Point

Ulysses S. Grant was admitted to the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York. Despite his initial reluctance, he graduated in 1843, ranking 21st in his class.

Service in the Mexican-American War

Grant served with distinction in the Mexican-American War under Generals Zachary Taylor and Winfield Scott. His experiences in this war honed his military skills and leadership abilities.

Resignation from the Army

Facing financial difficulties and personal issues, Ulysses S. Grant resigned from the U.S. Army and returned to civilian life, struggling with various business ventures.

Rejoining the Military

With the outbreak of the Civil War, Grant rejoined the military and was appointed Colonel of the 21st Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment, quickly rising through the ranks due to his effective leadership.

Battle of Fort Donelson

Grant achieved a significant victory at the Battle of Fort Donelson in Tennessee, earning the nickname "Unconditional Surrender" Grant and boosting his reputation.

Siege of Vicksburg

Grant's successful campaign and siege of Vicksburg, Mississippi, was a turning point in the Civil War, giving the Union control of the Mississippi River.

Promotion to General-in-Chief

President Abraham Lincoln appointed Ulysses S. Grant as General-in-Chief of the Union Armies, a position in which he led the final campaigns against the Confederacy.

Surrender at Appomattox

General Robert E. Lee surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House on April 9, 1865, effectively ending the Civil War.

Election as President

Ulysses S. Grant was elected as the 18th President of the United States, taking office in March 1869. His presidency focused on Reconstruction and civil rights for freed slaves.

Re-election as President

Grant was re-elected for a second term as President, continuing his efforts in Reconstruction and dealing with economic issues and corruption within his administration.

End of Presidency

Ulysses S. Grant's presidency ended in 1877. He embarked on a world tour, receiving accolades from various countries and leaders.

Financial Ruin

Grant faced financial ruin due to a fraudulent investment scheme. To provide for his family, he began writing his memoirs.

Publication of Memoirs

Ulysses S. Grant completed his memoirs shortly before his death on July 23, 1885. The memoirs were a critical and commercial success, providing financial stability for his family.

Grant's Tomb Dedication

Grant's Tomb, the final resting place of Ulysses S. Grant and his wife Julia, was dedicated in New York City on April 27, 1897, becoming a national monument.
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