Mark twain History Timeline and Biographies

Mark Twain, born Samuel Langhorne Clemens on November 30, 1835, was an American author, humorist, and lecturer known for his sharp wit and keen observations of human nature. He is best known for his classic novels "The Adventures of Tom Sawyer" and "Adventures of Huckleberry Finn," which have left an indelible mark on American literature. Twain's works are celebrated for their vivid characters, regional dialects, and critical social commentary. His writing continues to be studied and appreciated worldwide.

Creation Time:2024-07-10


Birth of Mark Twain

Samuel Langhorne Clemens, later known as Mark Twain, was born on November 30, 1835, in Florida, Missouri.

First Published Work

At the age of 16, Mark Twain's first published sketch, "A Gallant Fireman," appeared in the Hannibal Journal, a newspaper owned by his older brother Orion Clemens.

Mark Twain began his career as a steamboat pilot on the Mississippi River, a profession that would greatly influence his later writings.

Western Ventures

Twain traveled west to Nevada and California during the Civil War, trying his hand at silver mining and journalism.

Publication of "The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County"

Mark Twain gained national fame with the publication of his humorous short story "The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County."

Publication of "The Innocents Abroad"

"The Innocents Abroad," Mark Twain's travel book based on his journey to Europe and the Holy Land, was published and became an immediate success.

Marriage to Olivia Langdon

Mark Twain married Olivia Langdon in February 1870, and the couple settled in Hartford, Connecticut.

Publication of "The Adventures of Tom Sawyer"

Mark Twain's beloved novel "The Adventures of Tom Sawyer" was published, capturing the adventures of a young boy in a fictional town along the Mississippi River.

Publication of "Adventures of Huckleberry Finn"

Considered one of the greatest American novels, "Adventures of Huckleberry Finn" was published, showcasing Mark Twain's critique of society and race relations.

Financial Troubles

Mark Twain faced severe financial difficulties due to failed investments, leading to bankruptcy. He embarked on a worldwide lecture tour to repay his debts.

Death of Olivia Langdon Clemens

Mark Twain's wife, Olivia Langdon Clemens, passed away, deeply affecting the author.

Publication of "The $30,000 Bequest and Other Stories"

Mark Twain published a collection of short stories titled "The $30,000 Bequest and Other Stories."

Death of Jean Clemens

Jean Clemens, Mark Twain's youngest daughter, died of a seizure on December 24, 1909, adding to Twain's personal grief.

Death of Mark Twain

Mark Twain passed away on April 21, 1910, in Redding, Connecticut. His death marked the end of an era in American literature.

Publication of "Autobiography of Mark Twain"

One hundred years after his death, the first volume of Mark Twain's unexpurgated autobiography was published, providing new insights into his life and thoughts.
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