ARTE ABSTRACTO, EXPRESIONISMO History Timeline and Biographies

ARTE ABSTRACTO, EXPRESIONISMO refers to two influential art movements that emerged in the early 20th century. Abstract Art (Arte Abstracto) focuses on using shapes, colors, and forms to achieve its effect rather than depicting the visual reality. Expressionism (Expresionismo) is characterized by presenting the world from a subjective perspective, distorting it to evoke moods or ideas. Both movements have significantly impacted the development of modern art, influencing various artists and styles over the decades.

Creation Time:2024-07-11


Birth of Cubism

Cubism, pioneered by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, laid the groundwork for ARTE ABSTRACTO by breaking objects into geometric shapes.

First Abstract Artworks

Wassily Kandinsky created some of the first purely abstract works, marking a significant milestone in the development of ARTE ABSTRACTO.

Der Blaue Reiter Exhibition

The Der Blaue Reiter group, including Kandinsky and Franz Marc, held an exhibition that showcased abstract and expressionist works, promoting ARTE ABSTRACTO and EXPRESIONISMO.

Bauhaus School Founded

Walter Gropius founded the Bauhaus School in Germany, which became a hub for innovation in ARTE ABSTRACTO and modernist design.

Emergence of Abstract Expressionism

Abstract Expressionism began to take shape in the United States, blending elements of ARTE ABSTRACTO and EXPRESIONISMO.

First Surrealist Manifesto

André Breton published the first Surrealist Manifesto, influencing EXPRESIONISMO by emphasizing the unconscious mind and dream imagery.

Guernica by Picasso

Pablo Picasso painted "Guernica," a powerful expressionist work that depicted the horrors of the Spanish Civil War, blending ARTE ABSTRACTO and EXPRESIONISMO.

Peggy Guggenheim's Art of This Century Gallery

Peggy Guggenheim opened her gallery in New York, providing a platform for Abstract Expressionists like Jackson Pollock to gain recognition.

Term "Abstract Expressionism" Coined

The term "Abstract Expressionism" was first used by art critic Robert Coates to describe the new American art movement combining ARTE ABSTRACTO and EXPRESIONISMO.

Jackson Pollock's Drip Paintings

Jackson Pollock's drip paintings became iconic examples of Abstract Expressionism, emphasizing the process of creation.

Formation of the COBRA Group

The COBRA group, consisting of artists from Copenhagen, Brussels, and Amsterdam, promoted spontaneous, expressionist art.

Rise of Color Field Painting

Color Field Painting, a branch of Abstract Expressionism focusing on large areas of color, gained popularity with artists like Mark Rothko and Barnett Newman.

Venice Biennale Recognition

Robert Rauschenberg became the first American to win the Grand Prize at the Venice Biennale, highlighting the global influence of Abstract Expressionism.

Minimalism Emerges

Minimalism, characterized by its simplicity and focus on form, emerged as a reaction against the emotional intensity of Abstract Expressionism.

Neo-Expressionism Revival

Neo-Expressionism emerged as a revival of expressionist techniques, featuring artists like Jean-Michel Basquiat and Anselm Kiefer.

Digital Abstract Art

The advent of digital technology opened new avenues for ARTE ABSTRACTO, allowing artists to explore abstraction through digital media.

Virtual Art Exhibitions

The COVID-19 pandemic accelerated the trend of virtual art exhibitions, making ARTE ABSTRACTO and EXPRESIONISMO more accessible globally.

Continued Influence

ARTE ABSTRACTO and EXPRESIONISMO continue to influence contemporary art, with ongoing exhibitions and retrospectives celebrating their legacy.
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